Style Guide

Style Guidelines

All authors contributing to the Journal are requested to follow our the Style Guidelines below.

What to submit to the Editorial Panel:
Please submit your writing to the corresponding Section Editor. When submitting your piece, please include the following on a separate word document:

  • Section you are submitting to
  • Title of Piece
  • Author(s) Name
  • Author(s) contact details
  • Brief author(s) bio (max 50 words)
  • Abstract (100 – 200 words)
  • One line abstract (20 – 40 words)
  • Key words (maximum of four)
Please note that if you are submitting to the Research Papers Section, we ask that you provide us with a list of 4 potential peer reviewers (names and contact details), with whom you do not have a personal relationship. The list should reflect peer reviewers who have knowledge in the topic on which you are seeking to publish.


  • Readership of the Journal includes academics and arts/cultural professionals; articles should be written in an accessible manner (avoiding jargon) and include original, unpublished and rigorously conducted research.
  • Submissions should be provided in Arial, 12 point font double-spaced.
  • UK English spelling and punctuation conventions should be followed in the text and endnotes.
  • Please give full names (not surnames) of individuals on first mention.
  • Policy and government bodies should be given their full, formal title on first mention (eg the Arts Council/An Chomhairle Ealaíon, not Arts Council). Acronyms may be used for long titles after first mention, though excessive use should be avoided.
  • Omit ‘The’ in journal and newspaper titles (eg Irish Times, not The Irish Times)
  • In text, titles of policy documents should be italicized and followed by the relevant date, eg Cultural Diversity and the Arts: Policy and Strategy (2010). Full details should follow in the bibliography. Please provide URL details for online policy documents and date of access.
  • No full stop in BBC, MP, UK, USA, RA, Washington DC, PhD.
  • Capital letters should be used with restraint. Do not use capitalization for terms such as ‘the arts’. Job titles should be lower case – for example, curator of the National Gallery of Ireland.
  • Subheadings should be used sparingly and be typed on a separate line in Bold, not run in with the text. Only first word and proper names have initial capital.
  • All pages, including captions, notes, etc., should be numbered consecutively in the lower right-hand corner.


  • Quotations should be set in single inverted commas if brief, and indented if longer than two lines. No quotation marks should be used in indented quotations. Spellings within quotations should be as per original. Double quotation marks should be reserved for quotation within quotation. Words added by authors in quotations should go in square brackets. Quotation marks should follow full stop if quotation is full sentence (or contains full sentence) or finite clause, but should precede full stop if phrase. All direct quotations and most other references should contain exact page numbers in the corresponding endnote.
  • Foreign language citations should be given in translation in the main text, with the original appearing in full in an accompanying endnote.

 Numbers and italics

  • Spell out numerals up to a hundred, then use figures: ‘in her twenties’ not ‘in her 20s’. Thousands with comma – so €4,000.
  • Spell out centuries (ie twentieth century, not 20th century). Dates should be expressed as in ’15 November 2001′; ‘mid-1950s’; ‘late 1950s’.
  • Non-English words and phrases in common English usage should not be italicised (for example, cliché or oeuvre). Non-common words and phrases such as mise-en-scene should be in italics. Avoid using italics for emphasis, as the structure of the sentence should be sufficient to convey this. Use italics for titles of books, newspapers, painting, play and exhibition titles.


  • Submissions should utilise a modified version Harvard Manual of Style notation (in-text parenthetical citation, followed by bibliography – see examples below). Full author names (not initials) should appear in the bibliography. Use a, b, etc. to distinguish between publications by a single author during the same year.
  • Wherever possible precise page numbers for references should be provided.
  • Any additional endnotes should be located at the end of the document, and should be concise and used for brief explanatory purposes.
  • Bibliographic references should always contain full names (not initials). Page numbers should contain fewest possible numbers (eg 100-4, not 100-104).

In-text citation examples (modified Harvard Style)

Single author:

According to Benson (1994, p. 5) …

As it has been argued (Benson, 1994, p. 45) …

Two authors:

Bourke and Breathnach-Lynch (1999, p. 25) suggest that …

It has been suggested (Bourke and Breathnach-Lynch, 1999, p.25) …

More than two authors:

Byrne et al. (1993, p. 4) suggest…

It has been suggested (Byrne et al., 2006, p. 4) …

Author with multiple publications in the same year:

McDonald (2012a) suggests…

It has been suggested (McDonald, 2012b) …

Government document:

Figures from the Arts Council/An Chomhairle Ealaíon (2010) show that….

Figures from other sources (Arts Council/An Chomhairle Ealaíon, 2010) show….

 Bibliography examples (modified Harvard Style)


Hill, Judith (2000). Irish Public Sculpture: A History. Dublin: Four Courts Press.

Bourke, Marie and Breathnach-Lynch, Síghle (1999). Discover Irish Art at the National Gallery of Ireland. Dublin: National Gallery of Ireland.

Edited books:

O’Connor, Barbara and Cronin, Michael (eds.) (1993). Tourism in Ireland: a critical analysis. Cork: Cork University Press.

Essay in edited book:

Byrne, Anne, Edmondson, Ricca and Fahy, Kathleen (1993). Rural tourism and cultural identity in the West of Ireland. In: O’Connor, Barbara & Cronin, Michael (eds.) 1993. Tourism in Ireland: a critical analysis, Cork: Cork University Press.

Journal articles:

Benson, Ciarán (1994). A Psychological Perspective on Art and Irish National Identity. Irish Journal of Psychology, 15, 317-29.

Newspaper articles:

McDonald, Frank (2012a). Making sense of public spaces. Irish Times, 21 April.

McDonald, Frank. (2012b). Public spaces, private domains? Irish Times, 1 May.

Policy documents:

Arts Council/An Chomhairle Ealaíon (2010). Cultural Diversity and the Arts: Policy and Strategy. Dublin: Arts Council/An Chomhairle Ealaíon. Available at, [Accessed June 2012].

[Please provide author name where given; otherwise substitute with the name of the issuing body. If document available online, please provide web address and date of access].

Interview/personal communication:

McLaughlin, Stuart (2011). CEO, Business to Arts: Interview with author, 11 January.

Internet sources:

Kelly, Derek (2010). Google Mentoring – The Gate Theatre [Online]. Arts Audiences, 31 August. Available: [Accessed May 2010].


Authors should indicate at the time of submission any images required (including charts, graphs, etc.) The editors reserve the right to restrict the number of illustrations per submission, and will be agreed with the author. At the submission stage, please supply copies of all suggested illustrations including captions as a word document.

For publication please supply high quality photographs or digital images. Digital images should be saved as TIFF, EPS or JPG files at 300 dpi (dots per inch).

Images should be referred to as ‘Figures’ and placed in brackets in the text, eg (Figure 1), (Figure 2), with corresponding captions provided.

Format of captions – Example:

Artist, Work title in italics, date. City/town of location: Gallery name. Picture credit. Photo: RMN / the author.

Permissions & copyright

It is the author’s role to obtain the original illustrations and copyright permission for any proprietary text, illustration, table, or other material, including data, audio, video, film stills, and screenshots, and any supplementary material you propose to submit. This applies to direct reproduction as well as “derivative reproduction” (where you have created a new figure or table which derives substantially from a copyrighted source). The reproduction of short extracts of text, excluding poetry and song lyrics, for the purposes of criticism may be possible without formal permission on the basis that the quotation is reproduced accurately and full attribution is given.

The Journal will not pay for illustrations and the responsibility of obtaining reproduction clearance rests with the contributor. All costs for reproduction rights are the responsibility of the author. Once a submission is accepted, contributors should immediately begin to request pictures and permissions. As the Journal is a non-profit-making scholarly journal, contributors should try to negotiate a reduced fee for illustrations and reproduction costs. Copies of permission letters should be sent along with the final submission of the manuscript. Please contact the editors for permission letter templates.

Author copyright & open access

The Journal uses the open access system of publishing, and we are committed to the free dissemination of published scholarship. Copyright of articles resides with the authors, but they must allow users to copy, use, distribute, transmit, and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship.

Authors are further encouraged to post versions of or links to their articles in open access repositories, or on individual or departmental websites, noting the Journal as the original place of publication.